The virus, which causes the respiratory infection Covid-19, was first detected in the city of Wuhan, China, in late 2019.
It then spread quickly across the globe in the first months of 2020, reaching about 10 million confirmed cases towards the end of June.
While some countries are now starting to see confirmed cases and deaths fall following strict lockdown restrictions, others are still seeing figures rise.
A sharp increase in cases in Latin America in the second half of May led the World Health Organization (WHO) to say the Americas were the new centre of the pandemic. But there have also been new spikes in Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
These charts show a number of countries - Brazil, Mexico, India, South Africa and Colombia - where cases (in blue) or deaths (in red) have been on an upward trajectory in recent weeks.
Brazil is only the second country in the world, after the US, to have confirmed more than one million cases. The death toll is now more than 57,000.
The WHO says the pandemic has not yet reached its peak in Central and South America.
India and Pakistan have also seen a surge in infections and deaths - although the number of new cases in the latter has fallen slightly in recent days. The healthcare systems in both countries are under strain.